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Changing root password once you have lost it

To change your root password once you have lost it, you need to reboot your VPS in rescue mode.

Rescue Mode

In rescue mode, you can reboot your server on an independent configuration. Your disk can then be mounted on an independent partition.

The advantage of this is that you can carry out tests and make configuration changes when it is most convenient for you, and when it will have the least impact on the operations performed by your server.

This also allows you to correct any configuration errors made which prevented you from accessing the server

Note: If you have any services online, rescue mode will interrupt them as the server is being rebooted into the rescue environment

This guide will show you how to reboot in rescue mode.

Requirements:

  • You must be logged in to your client area.

Instructions

  • Once you have logged in to your client area, click Services and select your specific server e.g Cloudpap1

 

  • Scroll down and click the Power button. Select Netboot, choose Rescue from the drop down and then click the Boot Now button. Click yes afterwards.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

After clicking yes, your server will be rebooted in rescue mode and you will receive by email a temporary root access password.

After getting the temporary root password, you can now SSH into your server from the command line.

COMMAND LINE

Log in to your server with the correct SSH command and the temporary root password.

$ ssh [email protected]

The authenticity of host '167.114.xx.yy (167.114.xx.yy)' can't be established.

RSA key fingerprint is 02:11:f2:db:ad:42:86:de:f3:10:9a:fa:41:2d:09:77.

Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes

Warning: Permanently added '167.114.xx.yy' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.

Password:

[email protected]:~#

Step 1 : Identify the mount point

The mount is created automatically on VPS so you just need to identify where your partition is
mounted.
To do this, you can use two commands, df -h and lsblk:

df -h

Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on

/dev/sda1 2.9G 1.6G 1.2G 57% /

udev 10M 0 10M 0% /dev

tmpfs 1.6G 8.4M 1.6G 1% /run

tmpfs 3.9G 0 3.9G 0% /dev/shm

tmpfs 5.0M 0 5.0M 0% /run/lock

tmpfs 3.9G 0 3.9G 0% /sys/fs/cgroup

/dev/sdb1 40G 3.2G 35G 9% /mnt/sdb1

lsblk

NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT

sda 8:0 0 3G 0 disk

└─sda1 8:1 0 3G 0 part /

sdb 8:16 0 40G 0 disk

└─sdb1 8:17 0 40G 0 part /mnt/sdb1

From the above, it shows that your partition is mounted on /mnt/sdb1

Step 2: CHROOT Permissions

You now need to edit the root directory, for changes to be applied to your system. You can do this by using the ‘chroot command.

Please enter the following command:

[email protected]:~# chroot /mnt/sdb1

[[email protected] /]#

You can check by typing the ls-l command, which will list the content stored in the root directory of your system

Step 3: Change the root password

Now you just need to change the root password with passwd command

[[email protected] /]# passwd

Changing password for user root.

New password:

Retype new password:

passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

[[email protected] /]#

Finally, it’s time to reboot your VPS

  • Log in to your client area

  • Click services and select your server e.g Cloudpap 1

  • Scroll down and click the Power button. Select NetBoot, choose local from the drop  down and then click the Boot Now button.
  •                                 Click yes when prompted.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

And your VPS will reboot. It can take up to 10 minutes depending on the operating system installed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Congratulations!

Your password has been changed. You can now access your VPS using your new password.

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